Duck Farming

Duck rearing is prevalent among weaker sections of rural population which provides them supplementary and steady income on daily basis besides providing them nutrition duck eggs for family consumption and engaging family labour in their leisure hours to look after Duck unit thus generates rural employment.

Over 10 million duck population exists in the country and ranks 2nd in the world after Indonesia. Around 600 million duck eggs valued at Rs. 180 crore are being produced and are being consumed in the rural area, Kerala, West-Bengal, Orissa, Andhra Pradesh are the Staes where duck are predominant.

Duck rearing can be done in all Indian states. Marshy river sides, wetlands, ponds, tanks, barren moors, etc. are good for ducks. Land based duck farming is being recently started on artificial water stores, near big cities on small and large commercial scale.

Khaki Campbell is best egg producing breed in ducks. Animal Husbandry Department of Govt of Gujarat from their Duck breeding farms at Mandvi in Surat district can supply 3 months old duck lings at Rs. 130 per duck ling. 

Advantage of Duck

  • Ducks lay more egg per bird per year than chicken.
  • The size of the duck egg is larger than hen egg by about 15 to 20 gms.
  • Ducks require lesser attention and thrive well in scavenging conditions.
  • Ducks supplements their feed by foraging. They eat fallen grains in paddy fields, insects, snails, earthworms, small fishes and other aquatic materials.
  • From commercial point of view, ducks have a longer profitable life. They lay well even in second year.
  • Ducks do not require any elaborate housing like chicken.
  • Ducks are quite hardy, more easily brooded and more resistant to common avian diseases.
  • Marshy river side, wet land and barren moors upon which chicken or no other type of stock will flourish, are excellent quarters for duck farming.
  • Ducks lay 95 – 98% of their eggs in the morning before 9.00 AM, Thus saving lot of time and labour.
  • Ducks are suitable for integrated farming systems such as duck-cum-fish farming, duck farming with rice cultivation. In duck-cum-fish farming the droppings of ducks serve as feed for the fishes and no other feed or manuring of the pond is necessary for fishes (200-300 ducks per hectare of waste area). Under integrated duck farming with rice cultivation, the ducks perform four essential functions viz., intertillage as they search for food, their bills loosen up the soil around the rice plants-weeding, insect control and manuring.
  • Ducks are good exterminators of potato beetles, grasshoppers, snails and slugs. In areas plagued liver flukes, ducks can help correct the problem (2 to 6 ducks per 0.405 hectare of land). Ducks can be used to free the bodies of water from mosquito pupae and larvae (6 to 10 ducks per 0.405 hectare of water surface)
  • Ducks are quite intelligent, can be tamed easily, and trained to go to ponds and come back in the evening of their own.

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